Mahatma Gandhi

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About Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND M K MAHATMA GANDHI d1948. Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian Independence movement against British rule. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, he led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights. Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat and trained in law at the Inner Temple London, Gandhi first employed non-violent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, he led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. He led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930 and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl. He ate simple vegetarian food and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest. His vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism was challenged in the early 1940s by a new Muslim nationalism which was demanding a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India. Eventually, in August 1947, Britain granted independence, but the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions ; a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. As many displaced Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out, especially in the Punjab and Bengal. Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace. In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence. The last of these undertaken on 12th January 1948 when he was 78, also had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan. Some Indians thought Gandhi was too accommodating. Among them was Nathuram Godse, a hindu nattionalist who assassinated him on 30th January 1948 by firing three bullets into his chest. Captured along with many of his co-conspirators and collaborators, Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte were tried, convicted and executed while many of their other accomplices were given prison sentences. Over subsequent years, India, with its rapid economic modernisation and urbanisation has rejected Gandhi's economics, but continues to revere his memory. His birthday (October 2nd) is still commemorated and is a national holiday in India


Mahatma Gandhi

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An extremely rare original circa 1931 cut page, clearly signed in ink by Mahatma M K Gandhi

The signed page has been left in the autograph book with a number of other autographed pages and photocards to assist with the provenance period (See Images) ; Other people include ; Gilbert Frankau (AP) / Jose Collins (PC) / Ivor Novello (PC) / Basil Sydney (AP) / Martin Harvey (AP) / Evelyn Laye (PC) / De Groot (AP) / Charlotte O'Neil (PC) / Layton & Johnstone (PC) / Jack Buchanan (AP) / Madeleine Carroll (PC) / Edna Best (PC) / Owen Nares (PC) / Tom Walls (AP) Gordon Harker (PC) / Sydney Howard (PC) / Jack Hylton (AP) / Claudette Colbert (PC) / Reginald Foort (AP) / George Arliss (AP) / Leslie Henson (PC) / Flora Robson (Note) / Cicily Courtridge (AP) / Polly Moran (AP) / Jock McKay (AP) / Shaun Glenville (AP) / Silvia Sidney (AP) / George Gee (AP) / Bruce Carfax (AP) / Bebe Daniels (PC) / Ben Lyon (AP) / Sidney Smith (AP) / C Hubert King (Poem) / Marie Tempest (AP) / Vic Oliver (AP) / Billy Milton (AP) / Fay Wray (PC)



From the wonderful vintage 1920-30s autograph book of Bertha Sydney containing over 100 actors / politicians / sportsmen / writers and pioneers of the period. Most notably including ; Winston Churchill / David Lloyd George / Stanley Baldwin / M K Gandhi / Laurel & Hardy / All Black Rugby (1926 touring team) / Rudyard Kipling / G K Chesterton / Fay Wray & Jack Hobbs. Bertha Sydney was an actress and a member of the well known theatrical family which included film actor Basil Sydney (The Dam-Busters / Ivanhoe / Sea Wife & Treasure Island). She collected all the autographs for a decade after Christmas 1925. Some autographs are dedicated to her with additional messages and are dated. A typed letter & copy photographs are included to support the provenance and further detail the history written by her daughter (Sheila) who sold the book to us in 2018. M K Gandhi arrived in London on September 12th 1931 as a guest of the King. At this time the British were holding a conference to discuss and decide the future and freedom for India. For twelve weeks, Gandhi toured extensively all around Britain. He rejected grand hotels and chose to stay & meet the people who lived in the poorer areas. He famously went to Lancashire in order to visit the clothing factories and meet the workers. He attended rallies, visited and spoke at Schools & Universities and met all classes of people during his extensive stay, before finally leaving the country on December 5th 1931. Bertha met Gandhi during this time in London. AFTAL Dealer No13 and UACC RD Memorabilia UK COA 


6x3cm Sized Cut Page affixed onto a 17x11cm Sized Autograph Book page



Good. View Images. The page is laid down (affixed) onto a secondary autograph book page. The page is still remaining inside the original autograph book which is in tatty condition with many pages loose. Other autographs and signed promo post-cards (several of which are pre-printed) have also been left in the book to support the provenance and time period. See all images included.


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