Mikhail Gorbachev

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About Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev

MIKHAIL GORBACHEV. Russian and former Soviet politician. He was the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union. He was the country's head of state from 1988 until 1991. He was born in Stavropol Krai in 1931 into a peasant Ukranian-Russian family and in his teens, operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. While he was at the university, he joined the Communist Party and soon became very active within it. In 1970, he was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Regional Committee, First Secretary to the Supreme Soviet in 1974 and appointed a candidate member of the Politburo in 1979. Within three years of the death of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, he was elected general secretary by the Politburo in 1985. Before he reached the post, he had occasionally been mentioned in Western newspapers as a likely next leader and a man of the younger generation at the top level. His policies of glasnost ("openness") and perestroika ("restructuring") and his reorientation of Soviet strategic aims contributed to the end of the Cold War. Under this program, the role of the Communist Party in governing the state was removed from the constitution, which inadvertently led to crisis-level political instability with a surge of regional nationalist and anti-communist activism, culminating in the dissolution of the Soviet Union. He later expressed regret for his failure to save the USSR, though he has insisted that his policies were not failures but rather were vitally necessary reforms which were sabotaged and exploited by opportunists. He was awarded the Otoo Hahn Peace Medal in 1989, the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 and the Harvey Prize in 1992. In September 2008, Gorbachev and business oligarch Alexander Lebedev announced they would form the Independent Democratic Party of Russia and in May 2009, he announced that the launch was imminent ....


Mikhail Gorbachev

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A wonderful original 1993 British Airways First Class (Los Angeles-Washington) in flight menu, clearly signed in marker with dedication in Russian, translates to ; "Michael ... For your memories. With my gratitude. Mikhail Gorbachev 4.11.1993"



From the autograph collection of BOAC / BA flight attendant Michael K who obtained a large portfolio of celebrity signed BA flight menus during the 1980-90s. Most menus are eight pages and make interesting reading, showing what was available in-flight for Breakfast / Dinner and Bar Service. Many are dedicated to him with additional messages of thanks for his fine service. Includes a typed copy of a letter from him detailing some of his memories. AFTAL Dealer No13 and UACC RD Memorabilia UK COA


30x15cm Sized Menu-Card (8 pages)


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